Märle Rothschild Stern, about 1775 – ?

What we know about Märle Rothschild is limited to her father’s name, her husband’s name, her children, her presumed birth year, and that she lived in Vöhl. She was the oldest known daughter of Salomon Abraham Rothschild. She was presumably born in Vöhl around 1775. Unless otherwise noted, the information for Märle comes from www.synagoge-voehl.de.

The only documented information I’ve found about her is from 15 February 1893 on the death record of her son, Selig Stern. “Sohn der verstorbenen Kaufmann David Stern und seiner verstorbenen Ehefrau Märle geboren Rothschild zu Vöhl.” “Son of the deceased merchant David Stern and his deceased wife Märle born Rothschild of Vöhl.”

She married David Isaac Stern, the presumed son of Isaac Simon Stern. Since there are no records to go by, it’s estimated David and Märle were married in 1798, because in 1799 their son Simon Stern was born in Vöhl. They had a second son, Selig Stern, born in Vöhl 25 March 1801. Their 3rd son, Bär Stern, was born in Vöhl in 1805.

I haven’t been able to find out when she died, or if she died in Vöhl, though I suspect she did, since her children and grandchildren were born there.

Next up, we’ll learn about Märle’s sister, Giedel Rothschild Heinemann-Stern.

Selig Salomo Rothschild, 1770 – 1840

Selig Salomo (or Salomon) Rothschild is the oldest son, and presumed oldest child, of Salomon Abraham Rothschild. I say “presumed” because we know Salomon Abraham Rothschild had at least 6 children, two of which were sons. All other known children are younger than Selig. Selig was born about 1770 in Vöhl. The information for Selig Salomo Rothschild comes from www.synagoge-voehl.de.

Selig married Ranchen Regine Rubino probably around 1796. Ranchen was born about 1776, and we don’t have any other information about her at this time. Their oldest daughter, Betti Belchen Rothschild was born sometime in 1797 in Vöhl. Son Isaak Rothschild was born in Vöhl in 1799. His records have often been combined with those of his cousin, Isaac Rothschild (born 1820), and you’ll learn more about that in Isaak’s blog post. Other children born to Selig and Ranchen were Mathilde (1801), Minna (1803), Ruben (1805) and Abraham (1808).

Selig’s profession was “Geldheber”, or money handler, like is father. It’s quite possible he took over the family business, or at least part of it. Sadly, it doesn’t sound like he was very good at managing money, because on 19 October 1831 he appeared before the court in Vöhl regarding a debt. Associate Judge Koch ruled against him on seizure for 65 thaler of debt that he owed to a man named Wittmer, possibly from Mahlberg or Marburg. In 1833, he owed a sum of 375 fg (not sure of the denomination) to Sim (probably Simon) Kugelmann, who filed a complaint against Selig. Associate Judge Koch ordered seizures and an auction. The following items were seized: a cow, a bureau, a “Kannbeh”, a “Komote”, and “Swey Dische”, all from the living room. Unfortunately, I have not been able to find any suitable translations for the three items in quotation marks. I suspect “Komote” is actually “Komode”, which is a chest of drawers which was quite decorative and popular in the 18th century. “Swey Dische” to me sounds like “zwei Dische” or “two dishes”. Perhaps decorative platters?

Despite his personal financial difficulties, Selig was the treasurer for the Jewish Community Board. In 1824, he is mentioned in a letter from the district administrator, in which the latter asks representatives from Altenlotheim, Höringhause, Eimelrod, and Vöhl to meet with Selig Rothschild to elect deputies. This implies he had a leadership position in the local Jewish community.

In 1827, in his capacity as a board member of the Jewish Community, he has to deal with “the refusal of the Basdorfer” to contribute to the cost of the recently completed Jewish school. Selig’s brother, Ascher, also a money handler, heavily financed the building of the Jewish school in Vöhl, with the understanding that it would be for the benefit of the Jewish community as a whole, which encompassed the surrounding villages, such as Asel and Basdorf. All members of the Jewish community agreed to contribute to the cost, thereby repaying Ascher. Once the school was complete, one of the Jews from Basdorf tried to renege, and Selig had the task of dealing with him.

In 1829, the Jewish schoolhouse was dedicated as a Synagogue. In 1834, Selig is still a member of the Jewish Community Board, and is signed on a letter of payment of the stalls in the synagogue. It is believes this refers to the seats, and that each Jewish family was assigned a seat. Ascher Rothschild, for example, had Seat #1 in the sanctuary. In the women’s balcony, you can still see where the seat numbers were painted on the support beam.

According to the “Directory of the Salt Requirement of the Mayor Vöhl — Municipality Vöhl After measure of the Number of Souls and the Livestock of the Year 1840” the following belong to the household of Selig Salomon Rothschild: 4 persons over 8 years old; 0 persons under 8 years old; 0 horses; 2 oxen, cows, and cattle; 9 sheep, goats, and pigs.

There is no mention of Selig after the 1840 salt tax, so it’s presumed he died sometime that year. At the time of his death, he was survived by his wife, all 6 children and 5 grandchildren. An additional 11 grandchildren born after 1840, three of whom were named Selig.

His wife, Ranchen, survived him by nearly 20 years, passing away in Vöhl on 30 January 1860. On 1 February 1860, the following notice was submitted to the City Registrar’s office in Vöhl:

That according to the alleged statement, Regine Rothschild, 84 years old, suffered from arthritis.  In Vöhl on 30 January 1860 at 8 o’clock, after several weeks of illness, life has stopped, and that during today’s inspection and investigation of the corpse, the following characteristics of death have been noticed:

  1. Coldness and rigidity of the whole body
  2. Peculiar corpse smell.
  3. Turbidity of the cornea and immobility of the pupils.

Blue-green coloring of the abdominal wall and other signs of internal…, so that she is to be regarded as dead, this attests to duties.  Vöhl, d. 1st of February 1860, Sulzmann.

The next post will be about Selig’s sister Märle Rothschild and her husband David Isaac Stern.

Salomon Abraham Rothschild, 1747 – 1816

The first recorded Jews in Vöhl were Ascher Rothschild and Seligman Rothschild, listed as homeowners in 1705. To be registered home and land owners, these men needed to have been born by about 1680 at the latest. As yet, I haven’t found the connection to these early Rothschilds, though I’m sure there is one. I suspect one of them is the grandfather of Salomon Abraham Rothschild. I wish there were more records from the late 1600s and early – mid 1700s, but most of the records were burned near the end of WWII.

Salomon Abraham Rothschild was born about 1747 in Vöhl. This birth year is an estimate and is based on the genealogical guideline of about 30 years between generations. The civic records of the area indicate there was, in 1747, a registered landowner of the same name in nearby Basdorf. For this to be the same person, he would need to have been born around 1725 or earlier, putting him at about 50 or older when his first recorded child was born. While not impossible, this seems unlikely. This family seems to have a passion for re-using names, so it’s possible the Salomon Rothschild in Basdorf is a relative. I briefly wondered if it could be his father, but Jews weren’t normally named for someone who was still living.

His profession is listed as “Geldheber” which translates to “money collector”. He was most likely a money lender, which was a common profession for Jews at that time.

We know that Salomon was married, but no records concerning his wife have been found yet. The marriage record for his son, Ascher Rothschild, lists Ascher as the 4th son and 6th child, so we know there were at least 6 children.

Salomon’s known children were:

Selig Salomo (or Salomon) Rothschild. He was likely born around 1770. He married Ranchen Regine Rubino. Selig died sometime in or after 1840.

Märle Rothschild was born about 1775. She married David Isaac Stern. There is no known death date for Märle at this time.

Giedel Rothschild was born about 1778. She married Kain Heinemann Stern in Niedenstein. Giedel passed away in 1861.

Ascher Rothschild was born in 1789. He married (1) Sprinza Sternberg of Homberg/Ohm. She passed away in 1833. Prior to 1836, Ascher married (2) Blümchen Sternberg, Sprinza’s sister. Ascher passed away in January 1859.

The information for Salomon Abraham Rothschild comes from www.synagoge-voehl.de.

 

 

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